In Occidental Permian, Ltd. et al v. Citation 2002 Investment LLC  the Supreme Court construed a 1987 assignment from Shell Western E& P Inc. to Citation of a large number of properties. The instrument contained these numerous provisions:

  • 1st granting clause: … all right, title and interest in the … leasehold estates described in

Co-author Tiereney Bowman*

Texas courts continue to address the “fixed or floating” non-participating royalty interest question. The El Paso Court of Appeals’ answer in Bridges v. Uhl et al. was floating, based on the language in that particular reservation,

In 1940 the Klattenhoffs sold a 640-acre tract in Upton County to Virgil Powell, reserving, “an