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Energy & the Law

Tag Archives: CITGO Petroleum

Citgo Prevails Over EPA at the Fifth Circuit

Posted in Environmental Policy, Regulations

USA v. Citgo Petroleum highlights the excruciating degree of detail in federal regulations and the gymnastics the EPA will employ to justify a prosecution. The Fifth Circuit has reversed Citgo Petroleum’s conviction for violations of two federal laws. Breathing Easier Under the Clean Air Act The EPA regulates oil refinery waste water treatment systems under… Continue Reading

Operators Can Be Guilty of Killing Migratory Birds

Posted in Regulations

 If a bird flies into your open-top oil storage tank – or your unprotected reserve pit – and dies, could you be guilty of the crime of violating the Migratory Bird Treaty Act? The short answer is “ Maybe”. In United States v. CITGO Petroleum Corp., ten dead birds were discovered in storage tanks at CITGO’s Corpus Christi… Continue Reading